For the preliminary step for estimating the performance of roof-type photovoltaic system in urban areas, we analyzed the solar radiation reduction ratio by shadow effect by buildings using DSM (Digital Surface Model) and GIS (Geographical Information System) tools. An average loss by the shadow is about 19% in Seoul. The result was related to the building density and distribution. Monthly results show that the winter season (December and January) was more affected by the shading than during the summer season (June and July). It is expected that useful empirical formulas can be made if more detailed correlation studies are performed.